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Saturday Bible Class: Our Link with the Man to Whom the World to Come has Been put in Subjection

Saturday Bible Class: Our Link with the Man to Whom the World to Come has Been put in Subjection

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Read Hebrews 2:5-18

Previous lessons have fleshed out some points that the Hebrew writer has been pressing on professing Hebrew believers. They must give the more earnest heed to the gospel because it is concerning the very Son of God. He is the final revelation of God, and the message concerning Him was spoken by the Lord, confirmed by those that heard Him, and validated with miraculous signs. Yet necessarily, the Son was not only God, but chapter 2 will focus on how it is necessary that the Son became man.

Chapter 2 can be viewed as follows:

V1-4 – (Parenthesis) First Warning: A More Earnest Heed to the Gospel required than Law
V5-18 – The World to Come has been put in Subjection to Men, not Angels

The world to come will not be ruled by angels, but men. God put the earth and its contents in subjection under Adam, as Psalm 8 recounts, but his absolute dominion was lost. Yet not all hope is lost. The last Adam has come: Jesus, through whom all things will be restored by God’s grace since He suffered death. He is the Captain of our salvation for our sanctification and unification with Himself. As a man, His death also rendered the devil powerless to bring fear into the heart of any associated with Him. Lastly, His experiences of humanity have perfectly suited Him to be a merciful and faithful High Priest, having made propitiation for our sins.

V5-18 – The World to Come has been put in Subjection to Men, not Angels

V5-8 – The Intention of God for Subjection through Man, not Angels

There are differing credible views when considering v6-9. These differences surround where to place the phrase in v9 “crowned with glory and honour.” This article will present one view. If you’d like a more detailed explanation, follow these links: http://truthandtidings.com/2016/12/analyzing-the-viewpoints-crowned-with-glory-and-honor-1/;  http://truthandtidings.com/2016/12/analyzing-the-viewpoints-crowned-with-glory-and-honor-2/.

“The world to come” in verse 5 is the earth when the Son will reign, a thought continued from the previous chapter. 1 Cor 6:3 teaches that believers will be in administration over angels at that time.

These verses quote Psalm 8, where David ponders the goodness of God in giving such great responsibility and dominion to man, specifically Adam. It is premature to see our Lord Jesus in these verses until He is presented in verse 9. The intent of God for men was that they would rule over and keep the things that He had created (see Genesis 1:26, 2:15). The close of verse 8 shows that Adam was given sovereignty over all, yet these things have been lost to mankind. “We see not yet all things put in subjection to him” (Newberry). Notice the word “yet,” for the writer will explain that God’s purposes for men have not been thwarted by sin.

V9-18 – The Fruition of God for Subjection through Jesus

V9 – The Grace of God through Jesus Tasting Death

The writer is about to give seven reasons for the humanity of Jesus. The previous verse closed, “now we see not yet,” and this one opens, “but we see Jesus.” The purposes of God are found in Jesus. Each time the epistle uses His name that Mary was told to call Him, it emphases His human life on earth. So this man is shown to be the true fulfilment of Psalm 8. The first reason for the Son becoming human was to suffer and taste death for everything. He was crowned with glory and honour in humanity, demonstrating dominion over all that Adam had dominion over. He became man, and was crowned with glory and honour for the gracious purpose of God of tasting death for everything.

V10-13 – The Leadership through Suffering of Jesus brings Unification

If He would taste death for everything, He must be suitable and fitted for the work. This is the second reason given for His humanity. If He was to bring many sons to glory, He had to secure the glory which they would enjoy. Because we are men in a fallen world, the path to glory must be through suffering. In His manhood, Jesus willingly endured suffering to lead the way to the glory that He will share. He is the Captain, Originator or Author of our Salvation. He is the one who has begun our salvation and will carry it through to its completion.

Thirdly, He became human so that we the sanctified, could be one in humanity with him, our Sanctifier. The overall context dictates the oneness being humanity, not family. Psalm 22:22, Psalm 18:2 and Isaiah 8:18 are used to demonstrate that our Lord is not ashamed to call us brethren. We, who have Him as the Captain of our Salvation, are eternally linked with Him, and He is not ashamed of us though we are created men because He became a man.

What is not in view is a link with the Father. The Scripture is careful to elevate the Son even though we are sons of God and can cry to the Father as a truly adopted Son. Notice the care with which the risen Lord speaks to Mary Magdalene in John 20:17.

V14-15 – The Victory in the Death of Jesus

A fourth reason for His humanity was to render the devil powerless, and fifthly, to deliver any who are sanctified by Him from the fear of death. The Lord surrendered His own life and took it back again (John 2:19, 10:18). Christ said of Himself in Revelation 1:18, “I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.” He is as David going into the valley of Elah to defeat Goliath with the very thing which held Israel in bondage of fear – his own sword.

V16-18 – The Priesthood in the Humanity of Jesus

The last two reasons for the Son becoming man were so that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest, and to help those that are tested.

We close out thinking of Him greater than angels by demonstrating that He could never have become an angel and accomplish the will of God towards men. He was obligated to become a man so that He could represent the people of God to God. He is able to be merciful because He made propitiation (here it is not reconciliation) for us. He has made propitiation, He is the propitiation (1 John 2:2, 4:10) and He is the place where propitiation is known (Romans 3:25).

He shows His faithfulness to us by helping us when we are being tested. He can give aid because He Himself has been tested as a man, and understands our difficulties. How thankful we can be that we can lift our difficulties in trials to Him, knowing that He understands.

"All hail," Lit. "O joy"

"All hail," Lit. "O joy"

Athanasius of Alexandria on the Crucifixion

Athanasius of Alexandria on the Crucifixion